CÂNCER DE GARGANTA – LARINGE | Sintomas, Exame, Tratamento, Prevenção

Câncer de garganta

O câncer de laringe é uma doença na qual as células crescem de modo anormal na garganta, ou seja, as células do nosso corpo (laringe) crescem de forma descontrolada e desordenada, assim irá formar uma massa, chamada de tumor. O câncer é um tumor maligno, que pode invadir os tecidos ao seu redor e podem disseminar para outras partes do corpo, diferente do tumor benigno que geralmente não invade tecido e não dissemina.

 

A laringe é um órgão que fica na região da garganta, começa na base da língua se estende até conectar-se com a traquéia. Sendo assim ela tem funções importantes, como a passagem de oxigênio para os pulmões e a fonação (emitir a voz).

Pesquisa feita pelo instituto nacional do câncer (INCA) mostrou que no Brasil temos 8 a 10mil casos por ano. Segundo o mesmo representa 25% dos tumores malignos da cabeça e pescoço e 2% de todos existentes.

SINAIS E SINTOMAS:

  • Dor de garganta (odinofagia) por mais de três semanas
  • Rouquidão por mais de três semanas
  • Alteração na qualidade da voz
  • Dificuldade de engolir (disfagia)
  • Sensação de algo preso na garganta (globus faríngeo)
  • Dificuldade de respirar (dispnéia)

É importante ressaltar que existem outras doenças que podem cursar com

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FATORES DE RISCO:
As pessoas que fumam aumentam em 10 vezes o risco de desenvolver a doença. O álcool é outro fator importante, quando temos associação do álcool e o cigarro esse número pode chegar mais de 40 vezes. É mais comum no sexo masculino, com idade entre 60 a 80 anos.

 

 

 

DIAGNÓSTICO:

O médico fará uma anamnese (questionário do estado de saúde) seguido do exame físico e vai pedir alguns exames para fechar o diagnóstico.

A laringoendoscopia é um exame de imagem que nos permite ver o interior da garganta, passa um tubo fino pela boca, para observar se tem algum tipo de anormalidade. A biopsia é indispensável neste caso, é a retirada de um fragmento da garganta (laringe) vai determina se o tumor é maligno ou benigno. No caso de malignidade, temos que saber o grau do estadiamento (se o tumor esta só na garganta, ou se ele disseminou para outra parte do corpo).

TRATAMENTO:

O que vai definir o tipo de tratamento adequado é o estadiamento do tumor conforme a sua localização e o estágio (inicial ou tardio).

Pode ser cirúrgico, retirando a área cancerosa, ou até mesmo fazendo laringectomia(é a retirada de parte da laringe).

Radioterapia: quando faz a radiação no paciente irá destruir as células cancerosas (células que estão crescendo de maneira descontrolada e desordenada), tendo como objetivo de diminuir o câncer. A quimioterapia não é diferente, porém administra medicamentos que vão atacar as células cancerígenas para tentar diminuir o tumor. Ainda pode fazer a associação da quimioterapia com a radioterapia.

Lembrar que quando é feito o diagnóstico de câncer de laringe na fase inicial a chance de cura chega até 95%.

PREVENÇÃO:

Podemos fazer mudança em nossas vidas para que tenhamos menos risco de adquirir o câncer de laringe, assim como:

  • Não fumar, se você é tabagista procure ajuda;
  • Uso de bebida alcoólicas com moderação, nada em excesso;
  • Ter uma alimentação saudável;
  • Procurar o médico para acompanhamento da sua saúde;

Autor(a): 

Médico formado pela Faculdade de Medicina de Valença-RJ.

Dúvidas serão respondidas apenas em nosso FORUM, entre e faça sua pergunta.

 

9 Comentários para “CÂNCER DE GARGANTA – LARINGE | Sintomas, Exame, Tratamento, Prevenção”

  1. giovana vieira disse:

    Gostaria de saber se quando o cancer é maligno se tem tratamento e se tem algum prazo?

  2. Tarsilio disse:

    nesse tipo cancer para ser feito a biopsia precisa-se fazer a traqueostomia ???

  3. ANA disse:

    QUE RISCO UM SENHOR DE 85 ANOS TEM AO DESCOBRIR UM CANCER NA LARINGI , JA NÃO PODE SER OPERADO POR QUE ESTA AVANÇADO O CANCER E POR CAUSA DA IDADE SO ESPERANDO PELA QUIMOTERAPIDA SE VAI PODER FAZER OU NÃO . TEM DIFICULDADE PARA FALAR PARA COMER E O REMEDIO NÃO ESTA MAIS COMBATENDO POR HORAR A DOR UM CANCER PENIGGUINO
    O QUE SERA POSSIVEL NESSA IDADE QUANDO TEMPO DE VIDA OU SOFRIMENTO .

  4. Juliane fonseca disse:

    muito bom esse texto bem explicativo rico em detalhes e uma otima ilustraçao

    atensiosamente Juliane

  5. Matheus Candido disse:

    otimo texto,esclareceu muitas duvidas!

  6. Carlos Augusto disse:

    Muito obrigado por elucidar minha dúvida Ddo Eduardo de Carvalho.
    Continue sempre assim, obrigado mesmo.

  7. Carlos Augusto disse:

    ESSE NÃO FOI O CÂNCER QUE O LULA TEVE?!
    FIQUEI NA DÚVIDA
    OBRIGADO

  8. Marco Aurelio disse:

    Muito bom!!!
    Bem ilustrado e com o texto orientativo.

    Abç!

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